Immune system and behavior
This chapter and its individual sections address the relationship between the immune system, stress system, and behavior.
There are indications that AD(H)D could be caused by reactions of the immune system in individual cases. In principle, ADHD is likely to have other causes.
Nevertheless, the immune system has a significant impact on behavior.
Its effects are multidirectional.12
The immune system is conditionable. Rats conditioned with a combination of sweetener and an immunosuppressor later also responded to sweetener alone with immunosuppression.3
⇒ The immune system
An introductory presentation of the immune system
⇒ Elements of the immune system: cytokines and co.
An introduction to the most important elements of the immune system
- ⇒ Elements of the immune system: cytokines and co.
⇒ Neurophysiological mechanisms of action on behavior through immune responses
In what ways do immune responses influence behavior?
⇒ Effect of individual cytokines and inflammatory markers
Presentation of the individual cytokines and other members of the immune system, how they interact with each other and what influences they each have on behavior
⇒ Immune responses and inflammation as ADHD causes?
What correlates and influences of immune responses have been observed on ADHD to date
⇒ Immune responses and inflammation in other mental disorders
What correlates and influences of immune responses are known so far in other mental disorder patterns
- ⇒ Effect of individual cytokines and inflammatory markers
- ⇒ Neurophysiological mechanisms of action on behavior by pathogens Pathogens (viruses, bacteria) can directly alter behaviors.
Riether, Doenlen, Pacheco-López, Niemi, Engler, Engler, Schedlowski (2008): Behavioural conditioning of immune functions: how the central nervous system controls peripheral immune responses by evoking associative learning processes. Rev Neurosci. 2008;19(1):1-17. ↥
Lopes (2017): Why are behavioral and immune traits linked? Horm Behav. 2017 Feb;88:52-59. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.09.008. ↥
Ader, Cohen (1975): Behaviorally Conditioned Immunosuppression. Psychosom Med. 1975 Jul-Aug;37(4):333-40. PMID: 1162023 ↥