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6. Characteristics whose genes increase the risk of ADHD

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6. Characteristics whose genes increase the risk of ADHD

A large-scale genetic study found several complex traits whose genetic causes mean a higher risk of ADHD:1

GCP : Genetical causal proportion.
Negative values mean that the trait is a causal risk for ADHD (the lower the negative value, the stronger). Positive values mean that the trait is a causal consequence of ADHD (the higher the positive value, the stronger).

Trait GCP (here: negative) genetic causal relationship with ADHD
At least one person recommended reducing alcohol consumption - 0.96
Iron deficiency anemia (ICD10) - 0.94
Synovitis and tenosynovitis (ICD10) - 0.94
Entropion (malposition) or trichiasis (eyelashes directed towards the eyeball) of the eyelid - 0.94
Peripheral arterial disease - 0.87
Other disorders of the fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance (ICD10) - 0.85
Assisted living - 0.85
Restriction of smoking due to illness - 0.82
Neck or shoulder pain for more than 3 months - 0.82
Diseases of the synovium (inner joint capsule lining) or tendons - 0.82
Self-reported type 2 diabetes - 0.81
Medication: Enalapril (medication for high blood pressure) - 0.76
Medication: Felodipine (medication for high blood pressure) - 0.77
Self-reported COPD + 0.75
Other osteoarthritis (ICD10) - 0.74
Syncope and collapse (ICD10) - 0.74
Disability card (Blue Badge) + 0.73
Obesity - 0.73
Shift work - 0.73
Manifestations of mania or irritability: Easily distracted - 0.72
Drug: Gabapentin (antiepileptic drug) - 0.71
Medication: Pantoprazole - 0.70
Other diseases of the anus and rectum (ICD10) - 0.69
Polyarthritis (ICD10) - 0.69
Carpal tunnel syndrome + 0.68
Fibroblastic diseases - 0.67
Incapacity for work due to illness or disability - 0.67
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue - 0.67